Bones - The largest bones is the femur, or thigh bone which is 20 inches in
a six-foot tall man. The smallest bone is the stirrup in the ear, which is
one-ten th of an inch. Each had has 27 bones : eight in the wrist, five in
the palm, and 14 in the fingers. A newborn baby has 300 bones, some of which
fuse to form in the adult.
Blood - In a child, there are 60,000 miles of blood vessels. An adult has
100,000 miles of blood vessels. The blood circulates through the body 1,000
times a day.
Brain - A newborn baby has a brain that weights three ounces. The average
brain of an adult weighs three pounds. The brains is the "mission control
center" of the body, sending our messages at a rate of 240 miles per hour.
The left side of the brain controls the right side of the body and the right
side of the brain controls the left side of the body.
Cells - The cells are the body's building blocks. There are about 26
billion cells in an adult.
Eyes - Each eye weighs 1 1/4 ounces. The eyes are constantly in motion,
even during sleep. Tears keep the eyes warm and are continually secreted
through 12 ducts in the eye. Tears are normally secreted through two canals
near the inner corner of the eyes.
Fluid - The body is two-thirds water. Blood is 83% water, muscles are 75%
water, the brain 74% water, and the bones contain 22% water. In a single
day, three pints of saliva are produced in the mouth.
Hair - Kids have about 75,000 hairs on their heads, which grow about 1/100
of an inch daily. Hairs of different colors grow at different rates. Dark
hair grows faster than light-colored hair. No one known why. Each hair on
the scalp grows about five inches a year. Eyelashes keep dust out of the
eyes. Aneyelash lives about 150 days before it falls out and is replaced.
Muscles - There are over 650 muscles in the body, form the tiny ones that
move the legs. The strongest muscle is the masseter muscle of the jaw. It
takes at least 14 muscles to smile. The smallest in the body is located in
the middle ear. Fingers have no muscles.
Nails - Nails are made up of hardened skin called kertain. Nails protect
the ends of the fingers and toes. The half-moon at the root of the nail is
called the lunule. Nails grow faster in summer than in winter. Fingernails
grow fourtimes faster than toenails. Right - handed people's nails grow
faster in their right hands. Left-handed people's nails grow faster on their
Nose - More than 2,500 gallons of air flow through the average adult's nose
in a day. The nose can recognize up to 1,000 different smells. The nose is
the air conditioning unit of the body. It cools or warms incoming air. It
also filters the dirt and dust in the air.
Skin - The human body has six pounds of skin which is, on average, 1/20 of
an inch thick. The two layers of skin are the epidermins and under it, the
dermis. The skin is waterproof, it protects the body and helps to regulate
body temperature. A substance called melanin colors the skin the more
melanin, the darker the skin. A freckle is a dense concentration of melanin.
A new layer of skin replaces the old layer approximately every 27 days,
totalling about 1,000 new outer layers of skin a lifetime.
teeth - Humans have 20 primary Baby teeth and 32 permanent teeth. By age 13
most people have 28 teeth. By age 18 the four "wisdom" teeth have grown in
for a total of 32 permanent teeth.